Differences between PowerShell & CMD

 PowerShell and Command Prompt (CMD) are both command-line interfaces in Windows, but they have significant differences in terms of features, capabilities, and scripting capabilities.

  1. Scripting Language:

    • CMD: Command Prompt uses batch scripting, which is a simple scripting language with limited functionality and capabilities. Batch scripts typically have a .bat or .cmd file extension.
    • PowerShell: PowerShell is a powerful scripting language that is object-oriented and designed for automation. It supports a wide range of commands, cmdlets, and scripting constructs. Scripts typically have a .ps1 file extension.
  2. Object-Oriented vs. Text-Based:

    • CMD: Outputs from commands are often text-based, making it less flexible for processing structured data.
    • PowerShell: Outputs are objects with properties and methods, making it easier to manipulate and process data. This object-oriented approach is more powerful for automation and scripting tasks.
  3. Command Set:

    • CMD: Has a limited set of commands and utilities. Many operations are achieved through external programs and utilities.
    • PowerShell: Has a comprehensive set of cmdlets (built-in commands) that cover a wide range of system administration and automation tasks. Additionally, it supports the use of external programs and scripts.
  4. Remote Management:

    • CMD: Limited support for remote management. Tools like PsExec are often used for remote execution.
    • PowerShell: Built-in support for remote management using remoting capabilities. This allows administrators to execute commands on remote machines.
  5. Syntax:

    • CMD: Commands and scripts use a simple syntax, and scripting capabilities are more basic.
    • PowerShell: Syntax is more robust and supports advanced constructs, making it more suitable for complex scripting and automation tasks.
  6. Access to System Components:

    • CMD: Limited access to system components and APIs.
    • PowerShell: Provides access to a wide range of system components, including the .NET Framework, WMI (Windows Management Instrumentation), and COM objects.
  7. Output Format:

    • CMD: Outputs are typically plain text.
    • PowerShell: Outputs are objects, and the formatting can be controlled and manipulated.
  8. Integration with Other Technologies:

    • CMD: Primarily focuses on command-line operations.
    • PowerShell: Integrated with other Microsoft technologies, such as .NET, WMI, and SQL Server, making it a more versatile tool for system administration and automation.

In summary, PowerShell is a more modern and powerful scripting and automation platform compared to the traditional Command Prompt. While CMD remains useful for basic tasks and backward compatibility, PowerShell is the preferred choice for advanced system administration, automation, and scripting on Windows systems.

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